Dienstag, 5. Januar 2021

convert SQL Trace to a list of database calls in chronological order with human readable timestamps

 It all started so easy! 
A customer found in one database one statement which is outstanding high in statspack reports. Unfortunately, as the application is not instrumented, it's hard to understand where the SQL is coming from and what's its purpose. 
To bring it into context, a simple SQL TRACE can do miracles. 

But as SQL Trace is hard to read and has a lot of confusing content, I used mrskew and a slightly modified calls.rc to generate a chronological list of all DB calls. 

The result loks similar to this output


          END-TIM       LINE       SQL_ID CALL-NAME STATEMENT-TEXT
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
  12568091.341788         36 5kpbj024phrws EXEC     /*Begin.Work*/ SELECT ...
  12568091.343769         42               XCTEND    
For everyone used to calculate seconds and miliseconds by just looking at it, and with the little additional information the tracefile starts at
*** 2020-11-26 10:06:01.867
it can be no issue at all to see when exactly a call was executed, and maybe correlate it to otle rlogfiles of the application. 

As I want to provide more value than only relative timestamps, my idea was to let a program do the calculations. As I struggled doing so in pure mrskew commands, I asked for some help at stackoverflow
There Cary confirmed my goal isn't possible with pure mrskew, but mrwhen can be of some help. 

The first aproach was to extend my calls.rc file to create this output:



          END-TIM       LINE       SQL_ID CALL-NAME STATEMENT-TEXT
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
tim=12568091341788         36 5kpbj024phrws EXEC     /*Begin.Work*/ SELECT ...
tim=12568091343769         42               XCTEND    
but mrwhen wasn't happy (yet):

mrwhen: no START value in file 'bx1.trc'
mrwhen: no DEP value in file 'bx1.trc'
mrwhen: file 'bx1.trc' contains no timestamp line
The START value is not documented right now, but it can be easily guessed mrwhen needs a real timestamp to correlate the tim values. The next try is:

*** 2020-11-26 10:06:01.867

          END-TIM       LINE       SQL_ID CALL-NAME STATEMENT-TEXT
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
tim=12568091341788         36 5kpbj024phrws EXEC     /*Begin.Work*/ SELECT ...
tim=12568091343769         42               XCTEND    
and now mrwhen changes it's mind slightly:

mrwhen: no DEP value in file 'bx1.trc'
mrwhen: file 'bx1.trc' contains no tim-containing line  
No complain about START anymore, and it doesn't see any tim-containing line? I'm very sure I see tim= there. 

After playing around by adding dep= ( as it complained about it) and e= (to provide some duration) - all without any success - it seems mrwhen wants the line to look more like a real tracefile. 

My final attempt is a file bx1.trc:


*** 2020-11-26 10:06:01.867

          END-TIM       LINE       SQL_ID CALL-NAME STATEMENT-TEXT
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
XCTEND tim=12568091341788 e=2 dep=0          36 5kpbj024phrws EXEC     /*Begin.Work*/ SELECT ..
XCTEND tim=12568091343769 e=1 dep=0          42               XCTEND    
Now mrwhen still complains 

mrwhen: no DEP value in file 'bx1.trc'

But the result is useful now:

2020-11-26 10:06:01.867000  2020-11-26 10:06:01.867000  *** 2020-11-26 10:06:01.867

                                                                  END-TIM       LINE       SQL_ID CALL-NAME STATEMENT-TEXT
                                                        -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
2020-11-26T10:06:01.867000  2020-11-26T10:06:01.867000  XCTEND tim=12568091341788 e=2 dep=0          36 5kpbj024phrws EXEC     /*Begin.Work*/ SELECT ...
2020-11-26T10:06:01.868981  2020-11-26T10:06:01.868981  XCTEND tim=12568091343769 e=1 dep=0          42               XCTEND

For post-processing I only need to remove everything starting with XCTEND e and 45 characters long.

sed -E 's/XCTEND t.{37}//'
The remaining post-processing can be done manually. 

With little additional help, i can generate the output desired.
Still I have some wishes for mrskew extensions, but they are not part of this post.

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